DEMOCRACY AND THE RULE OF LAW
Since its establishment, the PABSEC has emphasized the role of its members in safeguarding and promoting democracy, pluralism, the rule of law and human rights in the member countries, boosting their efforts to build a modern and prosperous society, thus giving a strong impetus to the cooperation process in the Black Sea area.
The rule of law and other basic principles of democratic society serve as a force for stability and economic prosperity.The necessity of strengthening the rule of law in the countries of the Black Sea region within the framework of the process of consolidating democracy and elaboration of future strategies was underlined by the Assembly in its Recommendation 50/2001.
Within the same context, the Assembly has repeatedly underlined the importance of the close cooperation with other international organizations, particularly with the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe. Also, members of the PABSEC national delegations have monitored parliamentary and presidential elections in the PABSEC member countries.
Good governance represents a prerequisite for smooth integration of the countries in the Black Sea within the New European Architecture and the parliamentarians, in the Recommendation on Cooperation among the PABSEC Member Countries in Strengthening Good Governance (rec. 69/2003), expressed their conviction to spare no effort in promoting the rule of law, transparency and accountability, civil society, independent and impartial judiciary, honest law-enforcement and truly democratic institutions, thus, preparing a solid legislative and institutional foundation for regional economic cooperation.
The Assembly has initiated the Forum of the Presidents of the Constitutional Courts of the PABSEC Member-Countries (Chisinau, 10-11 December 2001), that focused on the fundamental issues of the rule of law, constitutional justice, independent and impartial judiciary, transparency and accountability (rec. 62/2002) initiatives’ consolidation through fostering wider regional consensus and solidarity in finding solutions to common problems. As it was stressed in the Recommendation on the Role of the Civil Society in the Black Sea Economic Cooperation Process (rec. 88/2006), PABSEC is confident that dependable partnership on all levels, including increased involvement of the civil society, is of vital importance for securing more efficient economic, political and social cooperation in the region.
Regional economic cooperation is impossible without having regional stability. PABSEC committed itself in the Recommendation on Regional Dimension of Stability and Security – Perspective of the BSEC Region (rec. 79/2004), to promote and strengthen peace, stability and security in the Black Sea region and to contribute to responding to security challenges through increasing stability and safeguarding regional and international peace and security, based on shared values and common approaches.
The institution of the Ombudsman (rec. 82/2005) is a topical issue for the region as it constitutes a mechanism of enhancing the system of protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms in every democratic state. PABSEC has debated on the place of the ombudsman in a democratic state and the manner in which an ombudsman can improve the operation of the executive branch of government.
PABSEC organized a Conference of Ombudsmen of the BSEC Member States, in Istanbul on 26-27 April 2006 that brought together delegations of all ombudsman institutions from the BSEC Member States, as well as the European Ombudsman, representatives of PABSEC, political and academic circles of Turkey. The participants had an exchange of views on the Role of the Ombudsman in Consolidating Democracy and adopted the Statement of the Ombudsmen from the BSEC Member States whereby they acknowledged their commitment to furthering relations of partnership among the national ombudsman institutions of the Black Sea region, as well as maintaining and strengthening the mechanism of permanent exchange of experience and information. The Statement stressed that in the 21st century the ombudsman institutions will play a more active role in the Black Sea region in helping state institutions to understand the people`s growing expectations and demands through safeguarding human rights, underpinning the principles of human dignity, social justice, mutual respect and solidarity.
- Strenghtening the legislative framework for protection of intellectual property (report, rec. 92/2006)
- Gender Equality In The Bsec Region: Achievements and challenges (report, rec. 142/2014)